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Date Printed: May 27, 2018: 07:42 PM

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This medical policy (medical coverage guideline) is Copyright 2017, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Florida (BCBSF). All Rights Reserved. You may not copy or use this document or disclose its contents without the express written permission of BCBSF. The medical codes referenced in this document may be proprietary and owned by others. BCBSF makes no claim of ownership of such codes. Our use of such codes in this document is for explanation and guidance and should not be construed as a license for their use by you. Before utilizing the codes, please be sure that to the extent required, you have secured any appropriate licenses for such use. Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) is copyright 2017 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. No fee schedules, basic units, relative values, or related listings are included in CPT. The AMA assumes no liability for the data contained herein. Applicable FARS/DFARS restrictions apply to government use. CPT® is a trademark of the American Medical Association. The use of specific product names is illustrative only. It is not intended to be a recommendation of one product over another, and is not intended to represent a complete listing of all products available.

01-99180-01

Original Effective Date: 01/01/01

Reviewed: 03/22/18

Revised: 04/15/18

Subject: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (Systemic & Topical)

THIS MEDICAL COVERAGE GUIDELINE IS NOT AN AUTHORIZATION, CERTIFICATION, EXPLANATION OF BENEFITS, OR A GUARANTEE OF PAYMENT, NOR DOES IT SUBSTITUTE FOR OR CONSTITUTE MEDICAL ADVICE. ALL MEDICAL DECISIONS ARE SOLELY THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE PATIENT AND PHYSICIAN. BENEFITS ARE DETERMINED BY THE GROUP CONTRACT, MEMBER BENEFIT BOOKLET, AND/OR INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER CERTIFICATE IN EFFECT AT THE TIME SERVICES WERE RENDERED. THIS MEDICAL COVERAGE GUIDELINE APPLIES TO ALL LINES OF BUSINESS UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED IN THE PROGRAM EXCEPTIONS SECTION.

           
Position Statement Billing/Coding Reimbursement Program Exceptions Definitions Related Guidelines
           
Other References Updates    
           

DESCRIPTION:

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a technique for delivering higher pressures of oxygen to tissue. Two methods of administration are available: systemic and topical.

In systemic or large hyperbaric oxygen chambers, the patient is entirely enclosed in a pressure chamber and breathes oxygen at a pressure greater than 1 atmosphere (the pressure of oxygen at sea level). Thus, this technique relies on systemic circulation to deliver highly oxygenated blood to the target site, typically a wound. Systemic HBOT can be used to treat systemic illness, such as air or gas embolism, carbon monoxide poisoning, or clostridial gas gangrene. Treatment may be carried out either in a monoplace chamber pressurized with pure oxygen or in a larger, multiplace chamber pressurized with compressed air, in which case the patient receives pure oxygen by mask, head tent, or endotracheal tube.

Topical hyperbaric therapy is a technique of delivering 100% oxygen directly to an open, moist wound at a pressure slightly higher than atmospheric pressure. It is hypothesized that the high concentrations of oxygen diffuse directly into the wound to increase the local cellular oxygen tension, which in turn promotes wound healing. Devices consist of an appliance to enclose the wound area (frequently an extremity) and a source of oxygen; conventional oxygen tanks may be used. The appliances may be disposable and may be used without supervision in the home by well-trained patients. Topical hyperbaric therapy has been investigated as a treatment of skin ulcerations resulting from diabetes, venous stasis, postsurgical infection, gangrenous lesion, decubitus ulcers, amputations, skin graft, burns, or frostbite.

POSITION STATEMENT:

Systemic hyperbaric oxygen therapy meets the definition of medical necessity for the treatment of the following conditions:

Acute arterial insufficiency;

Acute carbon monoxide poisoning;

Acute thermal burn injury;

Acute traumatic ischemia (eg, crush injuries, reperfusion injury, compartment syndrome);

Air or gas embolism, acute;

Chronic refractory osteomyelitis;

Compromised skin graft and flap;

Cyanide poisoning, acute;

Decompression sickness;

Gas gangrene (ie, clostridial myonecrosis);

Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss;

Intracranial abscess;

Necrotizing soft tissue infection;

Nonhealing diabetic wounds of the lower extremities in members who meet the following 3 criteria:

a. Member has type 1 or type 2 diabetes and a lower-extremity wound due to diabetes;

b. Member has a wound classified as Wagner* grade 3 or higher; and

c. Member has no measurable signs of healing after 30 days of an adequate course of standard wound therapy;

*(Wagner Classification: grade 0-intact skin; grade 1-superficial ulcer; grade 2-deep ulcer to tendon, bone, or joint; grade 3- deep ulcer with abscess or osteomyelitis; grade 4- forefoot gangrene; grade 5- whole foot gangrene.)

Pre- and post-treatment for members undergoing dental surgery (non-implant-related) of an irradiated jaw;

Profound anemia with exceptional blood loss: only when blood transfusion is impossible or must be delayed;

Soft-tissue radiation necrosis (eg, radiation enteritis, cystitis, proctitis) and osteoradionecrosis.

Systemic hyperbaric oxygen therapy is considered experimental or investigational in all other situations, including but not limited to, the treatment of the following conditions:

acute coronary syndromes and as an adjunct to coronary interventions, including but not limited to, percutaneous coronary interventions and cardiopulmonary bypass;

acute ischemic stroke;

acute osteomyelitis;

acute surgical and traumatic wounds;

autism spectrum disorder;

Bell palsy;

bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw;

bone grafts;

brown recluse spider bites;

carbon tetrachloride poisoning, acute;

cerebrovascular disease, acute (thrombotic or embolic) or chronic;

cerebral edema, acute;

cerebral palsy;

chronic arm lymphedema following radiotherapy for cancer;

chronic wounds, other than those in members with diabetes who meet the criteria specified above;

delayed-onset muscle soreness;

demyelinating diseases (eg, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis);

early treatment (beginning at completion of radiotherapy) to reduce adverse events of radiotherapy;

fibromyalgia;

fracture healing;

herpes zoster;

hydrogen sulfide poisoning;

idiopathic femoral neck necrosis;

inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease or ulcerative colitis);

intra-abdominal abscess;

in vitro fertilization;

lepromatous leprosy;

meningitis;

mental illness (ie, posttraumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder or depression)

migraine;

motor dysfunction associated with stroke;

pseudomembranous colitis (antimicrobial agent-induced colitis);

pyoderma gangrenosum;

refractory mycoses: mucormycosis, actinomycosis, conidiobolus coronato;

retinopathy, adjunct to scleral buckling procedures in members with sickle cell peripheral retinopathy and retinal detachment;

sickle cell crisis and/or hematuria;

spinal cord injury;

traumatic brain injury;

tumor sensitization for cancer treatments, including but not limited to, radiotherapy or chemotherapy;

vascular dementia.

The evidence is insufficient to determine the effects of the technology on health outcomes.

The following are considered experimental or investigational for all indications:

Limb specific hyperbaric oxygen pressurization

Ozone Therapy

Topical hyperbaric oxygen.

The evidence is insufficient to determine the effects of the technology on health outcomes.

BILLING/CODING INFORMATION:

CPT Coding:

99183

Physician or other qualified health care professional attendance and supervision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy, per session

HCPCS Coding:

A4575

Topical hyperbaric oxygen chamber, disposable (Investigational)

G0277

Hyperbaric oxygen under pressure, full body chamber, per 30 minute interval

ICD-10 Diagnoses Codes That Support Medical Necessity:

A48.0

Gas gangrene

D62

Acute posthemorrhagic anemia

E08.621

Diabetes mellitus due to underlying condition with foot ulcer

E08.622

Diabetes mellitus due to underlying condition with other skin ulcer

E09.621

Drug or chemical induced diabetes mellitus with foot ulcer

E09.622

Drug or chemical induced diabetes mellitus with other skin ulcer

E10.621

Type 1 diabetes mellitus with foot ulcer

E10.622

Type 1 diabetes mellitus with other skin ulcer

E11.621

Type 2 diabetes mellitus with foot ulcer

E11.622

Type 2 diabetes mellitus with other skin ulcer

E13.621

Other specified diabetes mellitus with foot ulcer

E13.622

Other specified diabetes mellitus with other skin ulcer

G06.0

Intracranial abscess

H90.3H90.5

Sensorineural hearing loss

I73.81 I73.9

Other specified peripheral vascular diseases

I74.2I74.9

Embolism and thrombosis of arteries of extremities

K52.0

Gastroenteritis and colitis due to radiation

L97.101 – L97.929

Non-pressure chronic ulcer of lower limb

M27.2

Inflammatory conditions of jaws (radiation necrosis of jaw)

M46.20M46.28

Osteomyelitis of vertebra

M72.6

Necrotizing fasciitis

M86.40M86.69

Chronic osteomyelitis

N30.40, N30.41

Irradiation cystitis

S07.0XXAS07.9XXS
S17.0XXA
S17.9XXS
S28.0XXA
S28.0XXS
S38.001A
S38.1XXS
S45.001A
S45.099S
S45.801A
S45.999S
S47.1XXA
S47.9XXS

Crushing Injuries

T20.00XAT20.39XS
T21.00XA
T21.39XS
T22.00XA
T22.399S
T23.001A
T23.399S
T24.001A
T24.399S
T25.011A
T25.399S
T31.0
T31.99

Burns

T58.01XAT58.94XD

Toxic effect of carbon monoxide

T65.0X1A – T65.0X4D

Toxic effect of hydrocyanic acid and cyanides

T70.3XXAT70.3XXS

Caisson disease [decompression sickness]

T79.0XXA – T79.0XXD

Air embolism

T79.6XXAT79.6XXD

Traumatic ischemia of muscle

T79.A0XA T79.A3XS

Traumatic compartment syndrome

T86.820T86.829

Complications of skin graft (allograft) (autograft)

W88.0XXS

Exposure to X-rays, sequela

W88.1XXS

Exposure to radioactive isotopes, sequela

W88.8XXS

Exposure to other ionizing radiation, sequela

REIMBURSEMENT INFORMATION:

Reimbursement for HBOT (99183) is limited to thirty (30) treatments within a 12 month period.

Services in excess of this limitation are subject to medical review of documentation in support of medical necessity. The following information may be required documentation to support medical necessity: physician initial assessment, physician history and physical, physician visit notes, and laboratory studies. Medical record documentation should include measurable signs of healing within any 30-day period of treatment as well as wound location, size, description of wound bed and drainage.

LOINC Codes:

DOCUMENTATION TABLE

LOINC CODES

LOINC TIME FRAME MODIFIER CODE

LOINC TIME FRAME MODIFIER CODES NARRATIVE

Physician history and physical

28626-0

18805-2

Include all data of the selected type that represents observations made six months or fewer before starting date of service for the claim.

Attending physician visit note

18733-6

18805-2

Include all data of the selected type that represents observations made six months or fewer before starting date of service for the claim.

Laboratory studies

26436-6

18805-2

Include all data of the selected type that represents observations made six months or fewer before starting date of service for the claim.

NOTE: Each unit billed equals one treatment, regardless of the length of time spent in the HBOT chamber. EXAMPLE: 1 hour in the chamber equals one treatment; 2 hours in the chamber equals one treatment.

PROGRAM EXCEPTIONS:

Federal Employee Program (FEP): Follow FEP guidelines.

State Account Organization (SAO): Follow SAO guidelines.

Medicare Advantage products:

The following National Coverage Determination (NCD) was reviewed on the last guideline reviewed date: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (20.29) located at cms.gov.

The following Local Coverage Determination (LCD) was reviewed on the last guideline reviewed date: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (L36504) located at fcso.com.

DEFINITIONS:

None

RELATED GUIDELINES:

Oxygen, 09-E0400-00

OTHER:

None Applicable.

REFERENCES:

  1. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Comparative Effectiveness Review Number 26, Therapies for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders (April, 2011); accessed at ahrq.gov.
  2. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Evidence-based Practice Center Systematic Review Protocol Project Title: Evaluation and Treatment of Tinnitus: A Comparative Effectiveness Review (02/22/12); accessed at ahrq.gov.
  3. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Comparative Effectiveness Report, Evaluation and Treatment of Tinnitus: A Comparative Effectiveness Review (02/22/12); accessed at ahrq.gov.
  4. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Comparative Effectiveness Report, Pressure Ulcer Treatment Strategies: Comparative Effectiveness (05/13); accessed at ahrq.gov.
  5. Bennett M, Heard R, UHMS Position Paper: the treatment of multiple sclerosis with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Undersea & Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS); accessed at uhms.org.
  6. Bennett M, Hart B, UHMS Position Paper: the treatment of autism spectrum disorder with hyperbaric oxygen therapy (2009). Undersea & Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS); accessed at uhms.org.
  7. Bennett M, Best TM, Babul S, Taunton J. “Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for delayed onset muscle soreness and closed soft tissue injury”; accessed at uhms.org (updated 06/30/05).
  8. Bennett M, Feldmeier J, Smee R, Milross C. “Hyperbaric oxygenation for tumor sensitization to radiotherapy”; accessed at uhms.org (updated 06/16/05).
  9. Bennett M, Heard R. “Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for multiple sclerosis”; accessed at uhms.org (updated 04/15/04).
  10. Bennett M, Jepson N, Lehm JP. “Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for acute coronary syndrome”; accessed at uhms.org (updated 07/06/07).
  11. Bennett MH, Feldmeier J, Hampson N, Smee R, Milross C. “Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for late radiation tissue injury”; accessed at uhms.org (updated 05/23/05).
  12. Bennett MH, Standord R, Turner R. “Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for promoting fracture healing and treating fracture non-union”; accessed at uhms.org (updated 11/11/04).
  13. Bennett MH, Trytko B, Jonker B. “Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for the adjunctive treatment of traumatic brain injury” ; accessed at uhms.org (updated 06/16/04).
  14. Bennett MH, Wasiak J, Schnabel A, Kranke P, French C. “Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for acute ischemic stroke”; accessed at uhms.org (updated 03/21/05).
  15. Bennett MN, Kertesz T, Yeung P. Hyperbaric oxygen for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus; accessed at uhms.org(11/14/06).
  16. Blue Cross Blue Shield Association Medical Policy – 2.01.04 Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, January 2018.
  17. Blue Cross Blue Shield Association TEC Assessments, (1999; Tabs 13, 15, 16).
  18. Camporesi EM, Vezzani G, Bosco G, Mangar D, Bernasek TL. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy in femoral head necrosis. J Arthroplasty. 2010 Sep;25(6 Suppl):118-23. Epub 2010 Jul 15.
  19. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) – National Coverage Determination for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (20.29); accessed at cms.gov.
  20. D’Agostino DM, Fontes B, et al, Hyperbaric oxygen therapy: types of injury and number of sessions--a review of 1506 cases. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2008 Jan-Feb;35(1):53-60.
  21. Doupis J, VevesA, Classification, diagnosis, and treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. Wounds. 2008 May;20(5):117-26.
  22. Esposito M, Grusovin MG, Patel S, Worthington HV, Coulthard P. Interventions for replacing missing teeth: hyperbaric oxygen therapy for irradiated patients who require dental implants (11/01/07).
  23. Feldmeier JJ, Hopf HW, Warriner RA, 3rd, et al. UHMS position statement: topical oxygen for chronic wounds. Undersea Hyperb Med. May-Jun 2005;32(3):157-168.
  24. First Coast Service Options, Inc. (FCSO), LCD for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBO) Therapy (L36504); accessed at fcso.com.
  25. HAYES Alert; Radiation-induced Hemorrhagic Cystitis Responds to Early HBOT, (06/05).
  26. HAYES Brief; HBOT for Treatment of Cerebral Palsy, (01/30/07; updated 02/12/08).
  27. HAYES Search and Summary; HBOT for the Treatment of Cerebral Palsy, (11/08/06).
  28. HAYES Search and Summary; Topical Oxygen Therapy for Wounds in Patients with Sickle Cell Disease, (04/21/08).
  29. Hingorani A, LaMuraglia GM, Henke P, et al. The management of diabetic foot: A clinical practice guideline by the Society for Vascular Surgery in collaboration with the American Podiatric Medical Association and the Society for Vascular Medicine. J Vasc Surg. Feb 2016;63(2 Suppl):3S-21S.
  30. Hsu SL, Wang CJ, Lee MS, Chan YS, Huang CC, Yang KD. Cocktail therapy for femoral head necrosis of the hip. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2010 Jan;130(1):23-9.
  31. Huang ET, Mansouri J, Murad MH, et al. A clinical practice guideline for the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. Undersea Hyperb Med. May-Jun 2015;42(3):205-247.
  32. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Chronic Brain Injury: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Position Statement November 2003; accessed at uhms.org.
  33. Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI). Pressure ulcer treatment. Health care protocol. Bloomington (MN): Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI); 2008 Jan. 28.
  34. Kearon C, Kahn SR, Agnelli G, Goldhaber S, Raskob GE, Comerota AJ. Antithrombotic therapy for venous thromboembolic disease: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines (8th Edition). Chest 2008 Jun; 133(6 Suppl):454S-545S.
  35. Kranke P, Bennett M, Roeckl-Wiedmann I, Debus S. “Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for chronic wounds” (updated 10/14/03).
  36. Lipsky BA, Berendt AR, Cornia PB, Pile JC, Peters EJ, Armstrong DG, Deery HG, Embil JM, Joseph WS, Karchmer AW, Pinzur MS, Senneville E. 2012 Infectious Diseases Society of America clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun;54(12):e132-73.
  37. Löndahl M, Katzman P, Nilsson A, Hammarlund C. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy facilitates healing of chronic foot ulcers in patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2010 May;33(5):998-1003.
  38. Management of patients with stroke or TIA: assessment, investigation, immediate management and secondary prevention. A national clinical guideline. Edinburgh (Scotland): Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN); 2008. 103 p. (SIGN publication; no. 108).
  39. National Institute for Mental Health (NIMH). Autism Spectrum Disorders (Pervasive Developmental Disorders). Accessed 06/03/09.
  40. National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC). Autism. The management and support of children and young people on the autism spectrum. National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health. Autism. The management and support of children and young people on the autism spectrum. London (UK): National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE); 2013 Aug. 36 p. (Clinical guideline; no. 170).
  41. National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC). Clinical practice guideline: sudden hearing loss. Accessed 06/10/13.
  42. National Guideline Clearinghouse. Clinical policy: critical issues in the management of adult patients presenting to the emergency department with acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Accessed 06/10/13.
  43. National Guideline Clearinghouse. 2012 Infectious Diseases Society of America clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infections. Accessed 06/10/13.
  44. O'Reilly D, Linden R, Fedorko L, Tarride JE, Jones WG, Bowen JM, Goeree R. A prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial comparing standard wound care with adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) to standard wound care only for the treatment of chronic, non-healing ulcers of the lower limb in patients with diabetes mellitus: a study protocol. Trials. 2011 Mar 7;12:69. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-12-69.
  45. Raman G, Kupelnick B, Chew P, Lau J. A horizon scan: Uses of hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Technology Assessment Report. Prepared by the Tufts-New England Medical Center Evidence Based Practice Center for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Rockville, MD: AHRQ; October 5, 2006.
  46. Reis ND, Schwartz O, Militianu D, Ramon Y, Levin D, Norman D, Melamed Y, Shupak A, Goldsher D, Zinman C. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy as a treatment for stage-I avascular necrosis of the femoral head. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2003 Apr;85(3):371-5.
  47. Rossignol DA, Rossignol LW, Smith S, Schneider C, Logerquist S, Usman A, Neubrander J, Madren EM, Hintz G, Grushkin B, Mumper EA. Hyperbaric treatment for children with autism: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. BMC Pediatr. 2009 Mar 13; 9:21.
  48. Saha S, Smith MEB, Totten A, Fu R, Wasson N, Rahman B, Motu'apuaka M, Hickam DH. Pressure Ulcer Treatment Strategies: Comparative Effectiveness. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 90. (May, 2013)
  49. Stachler RJ, Chandrasekhar SS, Archer SM, Rosenfeld RM, Schwartz SR, Barrs DM, Brown SR, Fife TD, Ford P, Ganiats TG, Hollingsworth DB, Lewandowski CA, Montano JJ, Saunders JE, Tucci DL, Valente M, Warren BE, Yaremchuk KL, Robertson PJ, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. Clinical practice guideline: sudden hearing loss. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Mar;146(3 Suppl):S1-35.
  50. Weaver LK, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Indications. The Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Committee Report (2014): Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society; accessed at uhms.org.
  51. Wolf SJ, Lavonas EJ, Sloan EP, Jagoda AS, American College of Emergency Physicians. Clinical policy: critical issues in the management of adult patients presenting to the emergency department with acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Ann Emerg Med 2008 Feb; 51(2):138-52.

COMMITTEE APPROVAL:

This Medical Coverage Guideline (MCG) was approved by the BCBSF Medical Policy & Coverage Committee on 03/22/18.

GUIDELINE UPDATE INFORMATION:

01/01/01

Reformatted and revised - clarification of non-covered indications.

08/15/01

Revised to add clarification for HBO used for the prevention of osteoradioneurosis.

04/15/03

Reviewed and revised; ICD-9 diagnosis codes added; limitation changed.

01/01/04

Annual HCPCS coding update.

02/15/04

Revised coverage statement regarding prophylactic HBO.

04/15/05

Scheduled review; no change in coverage statement.

04/15/06

Scheduled review: no change in coverage statement; added reference to crushing head injuries.

04/15/07

Scheduled review; added ICD-9 diagnosis code 993.2; no change in coverage statement.

06/15/07

Reformatted guideline.

07/15/08

Scheduled review; no change in position statement; references updated.

09/15/09

Scheduled review; added additional indications and criteria information for covered indications; added criteria for continuation of HBO2 therapy; updated ICD-9 codes; updated references.

08/15/10

Accelerated review: position statement revised; ICD-9 list updated: references updated.

01/01/11

Revision; related ICD-10 codes added.

04/15/11

Revision of Position Statement to add clarification for HBO used for treating acute retinal arterial occlusion.

07/15/11

Revision; formatting changes.

08/15/12

Scheduled review; Position Statement updated to include additional indication; formatting revisions; references updated.

01/01/13

Annual HCPCS coding update: revised descriptor for 99183.

08/15/13

Scheduled review; position statement unchanged; Program Exceptions section updated; Reimbursement section updated; formatting changes; references updated.

07/15/14

Scheduled review; position statement unchanged; references updated.

01/01/15

Annual coding update: added G0277.

10/01/15

Revision; updated ICD9 and ICD10 coding section.

11/01/15

Revision: ICD-9 Codes deleted.

10/01/16

ICD-10 coding update; codes H90.A21 & H90.A22 added.

04/15/18

Revision; description, position statements, coding, and references updated.

Date Printed: May 27, 2018: 07:42 PM